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History of Tea


The tea is associated colorful and fascinating story.

One day in 2737 years BC Shen Nung rested under a tree, wild tea. A light breeze stirred the branches and some leaves fall into the water, which the emperor was preparing. The drink seemed to him wonderfully refreshing and comforting. In this way was "discovered" tea.

The first mention of tea plants appeared only in the third century BC, when a famous Chinese doctor recommended it as a means of intensifying concentration and quickness. Until the third century n.e. drink tea, he was regarded as a tonic made from fresh green leaves.

To keep up with demand continuously growing demand and ensure a regular harvest, farmers began to plant their plots tea bushes and eventually developed a system for processing and drying of leaves.

The popularity of tea has risen dramatically in the IV and V century. Throughout the whole of China, the hills stretching along the Yangtze River Valley, new plantations.

Potters, goldsmiths and silver traders began to sell expensive, elegant tea sets, which soon became a symbol of wealth and status of the owners.

Years of Tang Dynasty is a "golden age" of tea, which no longer serve solely as a booster drug. They began to drink it for pleasure, as well as for its refreshing properties. Preparing and serving tea has evolved into a complex ceremony, while the cultivation and processing of tea leaves is subject to strict control and strict.

During the Tang Dynasty, young tea leaves are treated after rupture of steam, then crushed and finally pounded to paste with plum juice, which served as a natural glue needed to close the connection of small molecules. Slurry was placed in molds, compressed and pressed into cubes, and then baked or burned up dry.

In order to make a cup of tea, a piece of warmed up in the fire until it had evolved into, which was boiled in water? In some regions of China were added to it salt, which left the bitter taste in the mouth after drinking. The most popular, however, was the addition of sweet onion, ginger, orange peel, cloves and peppermint - thrown into the water before cooking it with tea, or afterwards.

Thereafter, during the reign of the Song Dynasty (960-1297 AD), pressed a piece of tea on a very fine abrasive powder and thrown into boiling water roztrzepując, resulting in a frothy liquid was obtained. They used mortars subtle fragrances and flavors, such as essences and essential oils from flowers, jasmine, lotus and chrysanthemum.

Until the time of acquisition by the reign of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644 AD) in China produced only green tea. Teas from the Ming Dynasty were kept in loose leaf form, heat treated and dried. They quickly lose their flavor and taste.

Plantation owners have produced two new types of tea - the so-called black tea and tea with a floral aroma.

During the reign of the Ming Dynasty tea producers conserved list, subjecting them to digestion in the open air until they begin to change color in the rusty, and then stopping the natural process of decomposition method of melting or toasting.

From China to Japan

The first seeds of tea plants were brought to Japan by a monk Dengyo Daishi, who in the years 803 to 805 AD He studied in China. After returning to the country imported seed planted in the monastery grounds, and five years later gave the tea made from the first collections of the Emperor Saga. The emperor tasted so far in the new drink that he ordered to start cultivation of tea in the five provinces surrounding the capital.

Between the IX and XI century Sino-Japanese relations have deteriorated, and tea, considered a Chinese invention, was in disgrace and has ceased to be drunk at the imperial court. However, Japanese Buddhist monks drank it to continue to ward off drowsiness and enhance concentration during periods of meditation. At the beginning of the twelfth century contacts between the two countries have improved, and a Japanese monk named Eisai made the first visit to China. Brought back a new batch of tea seeds and the new Chinese custom of drinking powdered green tea. He brought the science base Rinzai Zen Buddhist sect. Drinking tea and Buddhist beliefs developed in parallel. When the rites associated with the administration of tea in ancient China are completely extinct, Japan has developed a unique ceremony. To this day, Cha-no-yu, the Japanese tea ceremony, the ritual is a kind of strict or rigid rules of conduct, which aim to achieve a state of spiritual renewal and harmony with the world.

Tea arrives in Europe

It is not entirely clear who first brought tea to the European coast in the early seventeenth century - the Dutch or Portuguese - because in this era of the two nations engaged in trade in the China Sea. In Russia tea first appeared in 1618, as a gift from China for the Tsar Alexander.

United Kingdom discovers tea

Date of official show of tea in London is the year 1658.
In 1662, King Charles II married the Portuguese princess Catherine of Braganza. The new queen, who was a fierce supporter of tea, brought together as part of her dowry chest of Chinese tea. She treats her friends, aristocrats at court, and the news of the new drink spread rapidly and more and more people wanted to taste it in person.

During the eighteenth century, tea became the most popular beverage throughout the UK.

The Birth of afternoon tea

By the early nineteenth century, tea drunk for all times, especially in the evening, after the main meal as a beverage for easy digestion. Merit has given birth to the custom of afternoon tea to organize fall to Anna, the seventh Duchess of Bedford, in which, the long interval between early and late light lunch or evening meal caused a "sensation of sucking." To satisfy the feeling, the Duchess once instructed that the maid brought her to the room with the tea kettle and a small snack.

Soon she began to invite friends for afternoon tea. In a short time all the elegant world of London made the visit during which he drank tea and ate tiny canapés and soft dough.

Because of the protracted difficulties in trade with China, the United Kingdom for some time considered other locations for the cultivation of tea.

In 1823 he was discovered in upper Assam indigenous tea tree. The first delivery of tea from Assam swam to London in 1838, and in 1840 the company was formed Assam’s tea, which soon covered the range of Darjeeling, Sylhet and other regions of North India. In the seventies, and Ceylon became one of Britain's major tea producers

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